The Eagles swim against the University of North Carolina (UNC)-Wilmington in the WoodPEC for a Alumni and Family Weekend crowd. The women’s team defeated UNC-Wilmington, 152-142, while the men lost 157-131. The teams take on Birmingham-Southern College away this Saturday. | Photo Courtesy of Jason Oh

The Eagles swim against the University of North Carolina (UNC)-Wilmington in the WoodPEC for a Alumni and Family Weekend crowd. The women’s team defeated UNC-Wilmington, 152-142, while the men lost 157-131. The teams take on Birmingham-Southern College away this Saturday. | Photo Courtesy of Jason Oh

By Rupsha Basu

The men’s and women’s swimming and diving teams competed in their first intercollegiate dual meet of this season against the University of North Carolina (UNC)-Wilmington with a win for the women’s team and a loss for the men’s team.

The final standings were 152-142 for the men’s team and 157-131 for the women’s team. Combined, both teams won 23 of 32 events, 15 out of 16 of which were won by the women’s team.

The women’s team locked in wins in the 200-yard freestyle, the 500-yard freestyle and the 50-yard freestyle by freshman Ming Ong, the 100-yard freestyle and 100-yard backstroke by sophomore Claire Liu and a 200-medley relay victory by Liu, freshman Cindy Cheng and sophomores Annelise Kowalsky and Kristine Rosenberg. Liu, Ong, freshman Julia Wawer and senior Nancy Larson won the 200-yard freestyle relay race.

Senior and Co-Captain McKenna Newsum-Schoenberg won 1,000-yard freestyle and 200-yard butterfly. Other individual event victors included Kowalsky, junior Ellie Thompson, sophomore Marcela Sanchez-Aizcorbe and freshman Mara Rosenstock.

“Last year the women’s team lost to UNC-Wilmington, and we lost to them by four points,” Newsum-Schoenberg said. “That really fueled our fire.”

She added that the team proved they could prevail.

For the men’s team, junior Andrew Wilson dominated the 100 and 200-yard breaststroke events as well as the 200-yard individual medley.

Like the women’s team, the men’s senior and Co-Captain Hayden Baker won the 200-yard butterfly, and his brother College sophomore Christian Baker claimed the 200 and 500-yard freestyle titles.

Other victors for the men’s team included freshmen Henry Copses and Alexander Hardwick in the 1,000 and 100-yard freestyle, respectively.

UNC-Wilmington presented a sizeable challenge as a Division I opponent, especially for the men’s team because they did not have any divers competing, according to Head Coach Jon Howell.

Because of the lack of divers, the men’s team started off with a 32-point deficit, 22 of which they were able to make up.

“It’s hard to compete without any male divers, but we put up a great fight, making up 22 points on the swimming side of things,” Baker said.

However, the team fell short 10 points despite their success in the swimming competitions.

“They had to really step up, and the men’s team did,” Newsum-Schoenberg said.

As for the women’s team, they were successful on both sides of competition.

“The women were fairly dominant in the meet,” Howell said, commenting on the fact that they only lost one event.

Additionally, the weekend brought in a large crowd due to Alumni and Family Weekend.

“It was a fun weekend across the board,” Howell said.

The atmosphere also affected the team members.

“Having family and alumni in the stands was icing on the cake,” Newsum-Schoenberg said.

The competition also marked the first meet for members of the team who are new this season.

“Our freshmen handled their first meet well,” Baker said.

While the opportunity to compete against a Division I team was good experience for Emory’s team, Howell said his main objective is preparing for the team’s national championships.

“Our objective right now is to get a little better every week and I think we definitely accomplished that from where we were a week ago,” Howell concluded.

The Emory swimming and diving teams’ next competition will be another dual meet in Birmingham, Ala. against Birmingham-Southern College on Saturday, Nov. 1.

— By Rupsha Basu, News Editor

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By Samantha Goodman

What was once a grassy field now holds sweet potatoes, peppers and more in an expansive farm and interactive classroom for Oxford College students called the Oxford Organic Farm, which officially opened on Oct. 18 just 700 feet from the Oxford campus.

Since this semester began, there have been at least 150 students in the small college who have worked on the farm either as part of class requirements, volunteer work or a work-study program.

The Emory community was invited to celebrate the opening of the more than 11-acre farm with local and organic foods, music by rock band Mercy Street, tours of the farm, fresh apple cider and a ceremonial tree planting, according to Assistant Professor of Sociology Deric Shannon.

“The project has exceeded expectations in every way,” Oxford College Dean Stephen Bowen said. “The farm is already producing hundreds of pounds of vegetables every week.”

Sodexo buys much of the produce to serve to students eating at both the Oxford and Atlanta campuses.

The farm, located at 406 Emory Street, was donated to Oxford by Trulock Dickson (‘72OX, ‘74C) in 2011. It originally belonged to late Oxford Professor of Mathematics and Director of Student Activities Marshall Elizer and his wife Fran since 1948, according to Shannon.

Bowen said in an interview with the Wheel the idea for the farm has been in the works for several years. According to a Jan. 17 University press release, Bowen said that “the enabling event was the gift of land.”

The next piece in the puzzle was finding the right farmer to manage the land, use sustainable farming to support the community and teach students in the process, according to the Jan. 17 University press release.

According to the press release, they landed on Daniel Parson, who comes with 15 years of experience in organic farming. In 2009, he was presented with the Georgia Organics Land Steward of the Year Award and named to Mother Nature Network’s “40 Farmers Under 40” list.

Parson initially focused on readying the land for students this fall. Since then, the farm now includes a barn that houses a walk-in cooler and space where the produce can be prepared, packed and distributed.

The farm operates a weekly paid produce plan that allows subscribers to pick up their Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) baskets that are pre-filled with that week’s produce.

Parson also has a booth on Tuesdays at the Emory Farmer’s Market that sells vegetables grown at the Oxford garden.

Additionally, Oxford professors are building the farm into their class curriculum. In one class, “The Sociology of Food,” the farm serves as the classroom.

Taught by Shannon, the class is an “experimental way to learn about good food and to become good learners,” he said. “[The class] looks at how food is central to inequality and how it plays into building our identities.”

Classes in Economics, Environmental Science, Philosophy, Sociology and Spanish have also included work on the farm as part of the curricula.

“It is nice to see the community getting so involved,” Parson said.

Shannon added that members from the surrounding Fulton County area have come to enjoy the garden as well.

“It’s amazing to think of all the people who have spent their time turning this long-term vision into a reality,” Parson said. “It was just a field when I got here in January, and now it’s a fixture on campus.”

This is only the beginning according to Bowen, who noted that the irrigation system was just installed last week.

Parson, Bowen and Shannon all noted that everyone is invited to check out the farm when they have a chance.

“In a lot of ways, the best hasn’t even come yet,” Parson said.

— By Samantha Goodman, Contributing Writer

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Photo by James Crissman

By Stephen Fowler
Asst. News Editor

Emory University Hospital launched a website detailing protocols and procedures for dealing with patients infected with Ebola, according to an Oct. 20 University press release.

According to the press release, the website will serve as a compendium of best practices for safe and effective screening, diagnosis and treatment for patients with Ebola.

“The Emory Healthcare Ebola Preparedness Protocols website includes policies, procedures and protocols developed within Emory Healthcare to enable physicians and staff to deal safely and effectively with various risk categories of patients who could be or are infected with the Ebola virus,” the press release reads.

Emory Hospital has been responsible for the successful treatment of three Ebola patients: physician Kent Brantly, aid worker Nancy Writebol and an unidentified male patient; nurse Amber Joy Vinson is currently being treated in a special isolation unit.

According to the Oct. 20 University press release, the third Ebola patient, who entered treatment at Emory University Hospital Sept. 9, was released Sept. 19 and poses “no public health threat.”

The patient will make a statement at a later date and wishes to retain anonymity, according to the statement.

President and CEO of Emory Healthcare John Fox wrote in the statement from the press release that, given Emory’s role in treating Ebola patients, it is important to ensure other health care facilities are prepared to handle Ebola.

“Health care providers throughout the United States are very concerned about the potential spread of Ebola virus and the possible arrival of patients with Ebola virus disease at their emergency departments, hospitals and clinics,” Fox wrote. “Emory Healthcare is committed to sharing our processes and experience on how to provide safe, effective care for patients with Ebola virus disease.”

The 84-page protocol manual covers every step of the admissions process, including a high-risk assessment performed by an Infectious Diseases physician, a comprehensive travel history and delineation of high-risk, intermediate-risk and low-risk for Ebola.

There is also a detailed section on specimen management for patients who have contracted Ebola or are at high-risk of infection.

Another nurse, Nina Pham, also contracted Ebola at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital while caring for Thomas Eric Duncan, a Liberian national who was infected with the first case of Ebola diagnosed in the United States and later died on Oct. 8.

According to reports from Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital and Chief Clinical Officer for Texas Health Services Daniel Varga, Texas Health Presbyterian allegedly did not follow proper protocol or have health care staff in proper protective gear when treating Duncan, which contributed to Vinson and Pham being infected.

Another aspect of the Ebola protocols calls for education around risk assessment, triage and care of high-risk patients across the Emory Healthcare system.

The protocol manual also outlines the history and function of Emory’s Special Communicable Diseases Unit (SCDU), where the Ebola patients have been treated.

Staffing in the SCDU is comprised of physicians who are members of the Infectious Diseases Division at the Emory University School of Medicine, experienced Emory Healthcare nurses who have received special training in the care of patients with serious communicable diseases and laboratory technologists, according to the protocol manual.

— Contact Stephen Fowler at smfowle@emory.edu

SWAT

Armored vehicles lumber down the dusty road of a small town; heavily armed men sporting body armor and tactical gear ride along in the back. This is the reality of post-9/11 America.

Many military operations overseas are coming to a close, but the War on Terror is still happening. An alarming amount of ordinance from foreign wars is being funneled back into the United States and being given directly to law enforcement agencies.

This, coupled with an upswing in the predominance of paramilitary tactics utilized by local police, has permanently transformed policing in the U.S. and could alter American society as a whole.
The use of assault weapons and military-style tactics by the police are very troubling for a number of reasons. Statistics released from the U.S. Department of Justice shows that the vast majority of weapons used in violent crimes are handguns or knives, which makes the use of assault rifles by police seem like overkill.

The use of “no-knock warrants,” which allow police officers to enter a home without immediate or prior notification to the homeowners, is a tool increasingly utilized by police officers. No-knock warrants are used when it is believed that evidence in a home may be destroyed during the time it takes police to identify themselves. Warrants of this nature have been decried as violating the Fourth Amendment. On top of constitutional challenges, the warrants are controversial for other reasons. For example, burglars have broken into homes by claiming to be police with no-knock warrants. Armed homeowners who believe they are being invaded have exchanged gunfire with officers, leading to deaths on both sides. The use of no-knock warrants has grown from about 3,000 raids a year in the 1980s to about 70,000 raids a year.

But what was the catalyst behind this trend in American policing? The proliferation of heavily armed police is directly correlated to America’s “War on Drugs” and “War on Terror.” We might like to think of increased militarization as a result of our post-9/11 mentality, but it is really a symptom of policies from more than three decades ago.

In 1981, President Ronald Reagan passed the Military Cooperation with Law Enforcement Act, which allowed and encouraged the military to cooperate with local, state and federal law enforcement and render assistance via research, equipment and other assets to assist with the then-nascent “War on Drugs” initiative.

This act of government authorized the military to train civilian police officers to use the new high-tech weaponry, instructed the military to share drug-war–related information with police officers and authorized the military to take an active role in preventing drugs from entering the country.

Thus the precedent was set, inviting future legislators to pass laws in a similar vein and thus decrease the distinction between the military and police, all in the name of keeping drugs off the streets. Modern theories of policing define the police as civil-servants working through local government for the prevention of crimes and apprehension of criminals. Police are supposed to utilize a proportional amount of force as required by the situation whereas soldiers on a foreign battlefield may utilize any amount of force necessary to ensure the completion of the mission. But with the large amounts of military grade equipment and training made available to the police, the traditional mind set of police officers is changing to justify the use of these assets.

More recent legislature passed after the events of September 11, 2001 has transformed the issue from one of drug suppression to one of fighting the menace of terrorism. Legislature passed as early as the 1990s has resulted in thousands of pieces of military hardware, ranging from weapons to vehicles, being passed into the hands of the police for use on U.S. citizens.

This increasingly militarized police force could adversely affect police-civilian relationships as the general populace feels more and more like a people under occupation.

Recently, with the winding down of military operations abroad, the Department of Defense, along with the Department of Homeland Security and Justice Department, have made it easier than ever for local police departments to obtain military vehicles. Heavily armed and armored mine-resistant, ambush protected vehicles (MRAPs) have recently found their way into the hands of civilian police. 175 of these hulking behemoths of war had been doled out to various police departments across the U.S. when they first became available in the summer of 2013, and the number of requests for MRAPs has quadrupled in the past year.

Many civil liberties groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), have condemned the use of military vehicles in American municipalities, stating that the use of military and SWAT style tactics for simple arrests or warrant servings is far from necessary.

The purchasing of military grade equipment, ranging from body armor to the aforementioned MRAPs is made simple for even the smallest and most low key of police departments through a series of grants from the Department of Homeland Security. These grants are issued to “enhance the ability of regional authorities to prepare, prevent and respond to terrorist attacks and other disasters,” per the department’s own website.

Not only are these weapons made available to local police departments, but with these grants allow greater access to these weapons of war, a fact that has alarmed many Americans who hold strong convictions about the necessity of a civilian police force as opposed to a military or national police force.

In fact, an Associated Press investigation of the Defense Department’s military surplus program shows that a large percentage of the $4.2 billion worth of equipment that has been distributed over the past 25 years has gone directly to police and sheriff departments in rural areas with very few officers and low crime rates.

This overt militarization also comes at a time when reports on police brutality are occurring with more frequency than in decades past, contributing to an ongoing image problem of police in the U.S.
Every few weeks, stories about police brutality, accidental fatal shootings or other high profile run-ins with the police permeate media outlets and online blogs. Images of police officers raiding the Occupy encampments across the country with brutal efficiency, the beating to death of mentally ill homeless man Kelly Thomas by California police, the shooting of 18 year old Keith Vidal; these incidents, coupled with an increased emphasis on paramilitary training and mindset for police, could lead to a very serious breakdown in respect for law enforcement.

It is an unfortunate reality of our time that we live in an era of uncertainty. With terrorist attacks seemingly able to manifest out of nowhere, we rely on internal security forces more than ever for the protection of citizens. Training and arming police with the best equipment seems like a proactive step to helping them in their anti-terrorism responsibilities.

The problem arises when police begin utilizing these tools in their day-to-day operations; for example, serving a warrant for a non-violent drug offender does not merit the use of full body armor and SWAT-style raids. This disproportionate use of force on a nation’s citizens fosters resentment and suspicion toward law enforcement officials.

Ultimately, police militarization does more harm than good. Police come to be viewed as oppressors and citizens are viewed as potential threats. The result is that we as a nation are more endangered by our own police forces than by terrorists, and this reality causes distrusts of police on a fundamental level.

When you are more likely to end up dead at the hands of those sworn to protect you than those sworn to destroy you, who is the bigger threat?

— By Andrew Morsilli, a College senior from East Greenwich, Rhode Island

Photo by Mark Spicer/Staff

Photo by Mark Spicer/Staff

By Jungmin Lee
Contributing Writer

Written by Tennessee Williams in 1947 and set in the same time period, the Pulitzer Prize-winning play A Streetcar Named Desire has solidified its reputation as an American classic. In fact, its longstanding relevance was showcased by an Emory student theater rendition which opened Friday, Oct. 17 at the Black Box Theater in the Burlington Road Building, and will run through next Saturday, Oct. 25. Presented by the Dooley Players, Emory’s student-run, non-musical theater organization (also the newly birthed combo of former groups AHANA and Starving Artists Productions), the show was an outstanding directorial debut for College juniors Zana Pouncey and Angad Dev Singh.

In a Directors’ Note featured in the program, Pouncey hinted at the intense storyline the audience was in for. She stated, “[Tennessee] Williams boldly allows his characters to wrestle through heavy topics that brashly confront genuine issues in society.” Singh also wrote, “I hope audience members experience the thriving, exuberant atmosphere of New Orleans and connect with the carefully crafted characters that Williams’ has created.”

Both directors emphasized that many societal themes explored in the original text, such as vanity, class and even homophobia, are still prevalent; therefore the late 1940s setting would not be a hindrance for the audience.

Admittedly, I had some skepticism about the production’s ability to capture the nuanced excellence of its many predecessors, especially the Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation. But all my doubts dissipated as soon as our protagonist Blanche Du Bois (College sophomore Carys Meyer), stepped onstage, looking and sounding like ever the southern belle. Clutching tightly onto her belongings, she frantically scanned her unfamiliar urban surroundings of New Orleans for dear younger sister Stella Kowalski (College senior Ali Reubenstone). The audience watched silently, enraptured by Blanche’s breathy drawl, a voice distinctly sprinkled with a sophistication that seemed out of place in Stella’s simple home. It became clear that this unglamorous living space was a far cry from where the two grew up, a family plantation called Belle Reve (aptly translated to “beautiful dream” in English). Even more startling to Blanche than her sister’s unimpressive taste in lifestyle, was her horrific choice in a husband — enter Stanley Kowalski (College freshman John Beck), aka her worst nightmare.

The chemistry between Stanley and Blanche buzzed from the moment they met — and not in a good way. He, a brutish Polish-American – or in Blanche’s words, a “Polack” — was a Master Sergeant in the war with a no-BS attitude whose explosive anger often led to instances of domestic abuse in his passionate relationship with Stella. She, a sensitive and complicated woman with a habit of lying to tell things as they “ought” to be instead of the grittier truth, was obsessed with beauty, appearances and high-class matters. In his first acting role at Emory, Beck walked, talked and breathed masculinity as Stanley, eliciting a few chuckles with his blunt attitude and caustic humor, as well as a couple gasps from the audience with his hellish exhibitions of violence. I was particularly impressed when he powered through a scene without so much of a flinch, after accidentally cutting his finger on a prop that literally left him bleeding onto the set. Similar to her co-star, Meyer also gave a compelling performance, demonstrating a special dichotomy in her character, one that simultaneously sparked my sympathy and frustration.

Interactions between these opposite personalities led to an increasingly hysterical Blanche and positioned Stella in the middle of an interesting near-love triangle. Throughout the play, Stella found herself torn between these two loyalties. Although she consistently defended her big sister, Stella’s devotion to Stanley kept her at a small but unmistakable distance from Blanche. Here, Reubenstone deserves special credit for depicting this tug-of-war relationship so believably. As the most emotionally stable individual of the trio, she was also the most relatable to me, because the audience itself shared her struggle to identify a clear villain and victim. A testament to Williams’ writing, Blanche and Stanley were not one-dimensional figures who could easily be categorized into either camp. For Stella, her allegiances were complicated by an overwhelming attraction to her husband which was so magnetic that it made zero sense to her dismayed sister and perhaps to the audience, too.

The challenge these three faced, to bear with one another in the confines of only two rooms barely separated by a curtain, filled the show to the brim with intense dramatics. Thankfully, the whole play wasn’t all tears and screams. Moments of beauty glimmered with hope and sometimes with a quiet sadness; we saw one such instance in the beginning stages of Blanche’s budding romance with a friend of Stanley named Mitch (Goizueta Business School senior Mike Filer). In the gentlemanly and soft-spoken Mitch, she saw a potentially happy future, one where she would finally be at peace with a good man by her side. In addition to these romantic scenes, there was a surprising dose of humor interspersed between the lines in several bits. The audience laughed at many of Blanche’s over-the-top antics, amused at the lengths she would go to keep up appearances or seduce every man she came in contact with – even a collector boy, played humorously by College freshman Devon Gould. Much like Blanche’s unpredictable roller coaster of emotions, everyone in the black box seats experienced a spectrum of feelings watching these stellar performances. One minute, our jaws would be dropped in shock at yet another one of Stanley’s outbursts and the next, we would be smiling and giggling away at Blanche’s flirting.

Unlike the tumultuous relationships featured on stage, Meyer noted in an interview with the Wheel that the cast and crew created a collaborative environment during rehearsals: “The cast worked well together … The directors also did an awesome job. They had a vision for the show, but also let us experiment with our characters,” she said.

Thanks to this smooth pre-production process, each actor had the chance to shine onstage, including supporting roles who lent a seamless hand to the story and proved that one’s quantity of lines really had no bearing on one’s quality of performance.

As for the directors, their clear vision proved successful in the skilled staging and technical features of sound and lighting, both of which helped set the ambiance of the play without distracting from the central plot.

The thundering applause as the entire cast of “A Streetcar Named Desire” took a bow was well-deserved, to say the least. I give the performance a solid five out of five stars. Co-director Singh had written in the program, “This is a play that takes my breath away each time I read or view it, and I hope it does the same for you.”

I can say for myself and no doubt, many others who witnessed Friday’s opening night: mission accomplished.

Editor’s note: This production contains depictions of domestic abuse and sexual violence. Counseling and support services remain available to the Emory community. Students may reach the Counseling and Psychological Services Center by calling 404.727.7450 or the Office of Religious Life at 404.727.6225. Faculty and staff may reach the Faculty Staff Assistance Program at 404.727.4328.

— Contact Jungmin Lee at jungmin.lee@emory.edu

Early in the morning of Sunday, Oct. 5, multiple swastikas were spray painted onto the Alpha Epsilon Pi (AEPi) fraternity house, a Jewish fraternity. In no uncertain terms, a hate crime was committed on Emory’s campus against members of the Emory community. This event left us saddened, outraged and deeply disturbed. The University administration’s timely and appropriate response and the broader Emory community’s overwhelming expressions of support for the people affected ​were extremely encouraging and worthy of high praise.

We both hope and expect that the administration and community will respond equivalently to hate crimes against any group committed on Emory’s campus or against any members of the Emory community in the future.

The word swastika comes from the Sanskrit work suastika, which referred to objects associated with well-being. Buddhists, Hindus, Jains and Taoists all use the symbol in their religious practices, as did ancient Celtic and Greek peoples. The swastika originally represented eternity, prosperity and good luck. However, since the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany in the 1930s, the swastika has symbolized, in the Western world at least, hatred, violent oppression and genocide, especially towards Jews, Roma, gay or queer people and the mentally or physically handicapped, the primary targets of Nazi oppression and extermination efforts. The swastika represents actions and an ideology that should abhor any person who believes that every individual, regardless of their race, religion, ethnicity, class, ability, sexual orientation, gender identification, gender expression or any other aspect of their identity, possesses an innate right to life, liberty and free expression of their identity.

It is because of this symbolism that the act of spray-painting swastikas onto a Jewish fraternity’s house is a hate crime, rather than a mere incident of graffiti. This event is not just a single, isolated act; the swastikas represent so much more than the misguided actions of a single vandal. They represent both the six million Jews, 1.5 million Roma and over 10 million others, including political dissidents, homosexuals, transgender individuals and mentally or physically handicapped people, whom the Nazis exterminated during the Holocaust and the hatred and intolerance for these groups that still exists today. For this reason, the events that occurred at the AEPi house on the morning of Sunday, Oct. 5 deserve to be understood as a hate crime and condemned unequivocally and immediately.

We were heartened to see that Emory’s administration and community responded in exactly this way. Before the day was over, University President James Wagner sent an email to the entire Emory community, denouncing the “abhorrent act” as “a flagrant emblem of anti-Semitism” and “an attack against everything for which Emory stands.” That same day, the Student Government Association (SGA) sent an email calling on members of the Emory community to “wear blue on Monday in support of Emory’s Jewish community and the rights of all people to live freely and safely.” Emory’s Tam Institute for Jewish Studies quickly organized a “Teach-In Against Hate,” held on the steps of the Administration building on Wednesday afternoon. The incident has received attention in the national press, from the national AEPi organization and is currently the subject of an FBI Civil Rights investigation. Additionally, countless individual members of the Emory community has shown their support for AEPi, including the many students who wore blue the Monday after the event occurred and numerous individuals and organizations that reached out to AEPi to offer their support. This response was widespread and immediate, and delivered a message of unambiguous condemnation of the act and support for the victims. We believe that this reaction to the hate crime was both timely and appropriate.

However, some members have asked why the administration and community have not responded with comparable magnitude and immediacy to previous hate crimes committed on campus against members of the Emory community, particularly in regards to instances of sexual assault and racism. One theory is that, unlike other victims of hate crimes, the members of AEPi are largely white and male who, despite their history of oppression, are a protected and influential group at Emory. Those espousing this view are not denying that this event was a hate crime and that the response was laudable – they are simply asking why previous hate crimes have not elicited a comparable response.

We hope that Emory responded so well to this incident because the University has learned from past failures to address discrimination, and it is important that Emory responds with equal strength and urgency to any future hate crimes that occur on campus, against any members of the Emory community.

Emory’s administration and community should respond with comparable outrage, support and immediacy to any future acts of intolerance and sexual assault that may occur within our community. Sexual assault is a violent hate crime. A sexual assault is not an isolated act without larger significance or implication. In addition to the pain that it causes to the individual, sexual assault represents a physical vandalization of someone’s body, an individual’s loss of autonomy and creates a culture of fear, shame and sexual objectification. For this reason, sexual assault is a hate crime. The changes made to Orientation this semester – where every first year student participated in very frank discussions about the nature of sexual assault and how to respond to it during Creating Emory – demonstrate that the University is committed to preventing sexual assault against members of the community. However, we both hope and expect that the administration and community will immediately respond with support and outrage every time this violent crime occurs against a member of our community. When the Emory community is alerted of a sexual assault through an email or police report, we ​should treat it like a hate crime. President Wagner or the Emory administration should send out an email or message condemning the act. Student groups should call on the Emory community to show its support the next day in solidarity. Groups should organize teach-ins on the quad.

This is just one example of how Emory should respond to hate crimes in the future. The University should respond similarly — with support, outrage and immediacy — to any other acts of intolerance or acts that make any community feel unwelcome, be it verbal, physical or symbolic. The Emory community should continue its efforts to become aware of and condemn the daily microaggressions — the small, sometimes unintentional acts of bias, stereotypes or intolerance — against a number of different communities on campus.

The spray-painting of swastikas on the AEPi house was repugnant, and the Emory community should be heavily praised for its response. Let this response serve as the benchmark of appropriateness and timeliness for the University whenever it responds to a hate crime in the future. Let us contribute to ending hate and fear for all communities at Emory.

The above staff editorial represents the majority opinion of the Wheel’s editorial board.

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More than 200 people showed up to the Quadrangle to observe the Teach-In Against Hate, sponsored by the Tam Institute for Jewish Studies in response to recent anti-Semitic acts on campus. / Photo by Benazir Wehelie, Copy Chief

In light of the swastikas spray painted on the Alpha Epsilon Pi (AEPi) and Kappa Alpha (KA) fraternities on Oct. 5, Emory’s Rabbi Donald A. Tam Institute for Jewish Studies held a “Teach-In Against Hate” on Wednesday, whose mission was to address anti-Semitism and combat racism and prejudice as a problem the whole Emory community can face together, according to an Oct. 14 University press release.

Spearheaded by Eric Goldstein, the Judith London Evans director of the TAM Institute and associate professor of History and Jewish Studies, the teach-in was “a way of honoring the values of the University and responding to intolerance in a positive manner,” Goldstein said.

Goldstein said he believes that in a university setting, the most appropriate way to respond is by teaching.

The event was held on the steps of the Administration Building on the Quadrangle, and the entire Emory community was invited to attend. Emory faculty from an array of departments and backgrounds brought their own ideas, including Goldstein; Deborah Lipstadt, the Dorot Chair of Modern Jewish and Holocaust Studies; Andra Gillespie, interim chair of the African American Studies Department and associate professor of Political Science and Rev. Bridgette Young Ross, dean of the Chapel and Spiritual Life.

“You don’t have to be Jewish or a member of AEPi to recognize that this was wrong,” Gillespie said at the teach-in. She also stated in the press release that her department took part in the teach-in “to be on the record as speaking out against hate.”

TAM partnered with the Office of Spiritual and Religious Life, the Inter-Religious Council, the Department of African American Studies, Emory Hillel, Emory Chabad and AEPi to make the event happen.

“We were really gratified by the outpouring of support from different constituencies,” Goldstein said, speaking on behalf of TAM. “We feel like there are so many groups that are affected by this, and it’s important to build coalitions.”

Senior Vice President and Dean of Campus Life Ajay Nair and Ross echoed these sentiments in a Letter to the Editor, published on the Wheel’s website on Oct. 11.

“Beyond our shared anger, let us recognize that in response to this affront, there is an opportunity for us all — as a community of students and educators — to learn, teach, reach out, advocate and heal,” Nair and Ross wrote.

The speakers at the teach-in focused on condemning actions like this — no matter who is targeted — and turning them into something positive. Students were encouraged to stay away from an “oppression olympics” where different groups compete over who is most oppressed.

Those who spoke said that groups who have previously been targeted should understand how it feels to face persecution; rather than dwelling on problems of the past, the incident should compel us all to extend sympathy to other groups.

An attack on one group at Emory is an attack on all groups, Lipstadt stated in an Oct. 11 Emory Report.

“I liked how the teach-in concentrated on the importance of different groups uniting after affronts like the one at AEPi,” College sophomore Emily Jo Coady said. “It’s not about who struggled harder or the fact that this act of intolerance is garnering a lot of attention; it’s about coming together and learning to be better members of the Emory community.”

By Samantha Goodman, Contributing Writer

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Emory University Hospital received an Ebola patient from Dallas, Texas for treatment in its special isolation unit Wednesday night, according to an Oct. 16 University press release.

The patient, reported by CNN to be Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital nurse Amber Joy Vinson, is the fourth Ebola patient to be treated at Emory Hospital.

Vinson, 29, arrived at Emory Hospital Wednesday night at approximately 8:30 p.m. On Wednesday morning, Emory Healthcare was asked to care for Vinson in its Serious Communicable Disease Unit (SCDU), according to an Oct. 15 all-Emory email sent by Associate Vice President of Communications and Executive Director of Media Relations Nancy Seideman on behalf of Emory Healthcare President and CEO John Fox and Chief Quality and Medical Officer of Emory Healthcare Bill Bornstein. “We are pleased and proud to be able to care for this, now fourth, individual,” the email stated.

Vinson and another nurse, Nina Pham, 26, contracted Ebola after treating Thomas Eric Duncan, a Liberian national who was infected with the first case of Ebola diagnosed in the United States. Duncan died from the illness on Oct. 8.

Reports from Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital state that Vinson and others in contact with Duncan did not have proper protective gear or training to handle the virus adequately.

Chief Clinical Officer for Texas Health Services Daniel Varga acknowledged in a Oct. 16 congressional hearing that there were “mistakes” in the treatment of Duncan, according to an Oct. 16 CNN article.

“We did not correctly diagnose Duncan’s symptoms as those of Ebola,” Varga said at the hearing. “We are deeply sorry.”

Vinson reported symptoms of Ebola merely hours after flying on a commercial jet from her home in Ohio back to Dallas.

Emory Hospital is home to one of four special isolation units in the country designed to handle infectious diseases.

College junior Fuad Haddad says he is impressed by Emory’s response and key role in the treatment of Ebola in the United States, but the media coverage is not healthy.

“I think the media is blowing up Ebola for the sake of views instead of focusing on the initiatives to promote quality of life for those who are affected,” Haddad said. “We are blessed to be at an institution that is the cornerstone of a chapter in medical history, a feat which no other place can claim.”

College junior Elyssa Hausman also feels Emory is doing a good job, adding that privacy should be considered when dealing with the Ebola patients’ lives.

“Emory is more than capable of caring for these individuals and I am certain that these facilities, nurses, doctors and staff are going to do all that they can to save the lives of these patients, both in the present and the future,” Hausman said.”While it’s important to give recognition to those who are enduring the battle against this virus, we need to remember they are still human … we get caught up in the hype of ‘breaking news’ that we neglect their privacy.”

As reported in an Aug. 29 Wheel article, Emory’s isolation unit is physically separate from the rest of the hospital community and is run by a team highly trained in specific and unique protocols and procedures necessary to treat and care for Ebola patients.

“Emory University Hospital has a specially built isolation unit set up in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to treat patients who are exposed to certain serious infectious diseases,” Associate Vice President of Communications Vince Dollard wrote in a July 31 all-Emory email.

According to World Health Organization numbers released on Oct. 16, the disease has infected close to 9,000 people and killed over 4,500, including 236 health workers.

Transmission of the virus comes from “direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person or exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions,” according to the CDC website on Ebola.

According to the press release, the third Ebola patient, who is still being treated and whose identity has yet to be disclosed, released a statement regarding treatment in response to national news about Ebola and health care workers.

“Given the national focus on Ebola, particularly with the diagnosis in two health care workers, I want to share the news that I am recovering from this disease, and that I anticipate being discharged very soon, free from the Ebola virus and able to return safely to my family and to my community,” the statement said.

“As a result of the virus, my condition worsened and I became critically ill soon after I arrived at Emory. Through rigorous medical treatment, skillful nursing and the full support of a health care team, I am well on the way to a full recovery. I want the public to know that although Ebola is a serious, complex disease, it is possible to recover and return to a healthy life. I wish to retain my anonymity for now, but I anticipate sharing more information in future weeks as I complete my recovery,” the statement added.

— By Stephen Fowler, Assistant News Editor

This post was updated 2:15 p.m., Oct. 17 to change the placement of College junior Fuad Haddad’s quote.

Junior defender Derek Chan cuts past a University of Chicago (IIL) defender. That game brought the Eagles’ 11-game win streak to an end this past Saturday. / Photo courtesy of Emory Athletics

The men’s soccer team lost their first game of the season on Saturday, dropping a 1-0 decision to University Athletic Association (UAA) rival University of Chicago (Ill.). The loss snapped the Eagles’ 11-game winning streak, the second longest in school history, and their standings fell to 11-1-1 on the year.

The game started with multiple shots from each team. Although many shots were wide, Emory senior goalkeeper Abe Hannigan and Chicago freshman goalkeeper Hill Bonin protected their respective goals valiantly from scoring possibilities.

In the 27th minute, Chicago sophomore forward Brenton-Neal Desai headed the ball into the net, but Hannigan was in place to save it. One minute later, however, Desai headed the ball past Hannigan and scored Chicago’s first and only goal of the match.

Emory continued the first half with two more shots on goal by sophomore Christian Meyer and junior Benjamin Murray, both saved by Chicago’s Bonin. The Maroons outshot the Eagles 8-4 in the half.

“Chicago came out fired up and scored a great goal,” Murray said. “We had our opportunities but didn’t convert.”

Emory was more aggressive in the second half, with eight shots on goal compared to Chicago’s six. However, the Eagles struggled to find the net. Despite ending the game with a 4-3 edge in shots on goal, Emory was not able to find the equalizer.

“It was a tough loss, as it was our first of the season, but we hope to turn things around and use this experience for our next few games,” sophomore midfielder Scott Haley said.

The Eagles fell to 1-1 in UAA play, but stand at No. 8 in the NCAA rankings, dropping from No. 6 last week. Chicago is unranked.

“[This past weekend] makes our two games next weekend even more important, so it’s crucial we get results,” Murray said.

The Eagles will continue UAA play today, Oct. 17, as they hit the road to take on New York University at 11 a.m.

– By Elena Cates, Staff Writer

Dear Members of the Emory Community,

As most of us know by now, on Sunday morning, Oct. 5, Emory University’s Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity house was vandalized. The historically Jewish fraternity house was the target of crude graffiti that included swastikas. This hateful act was perpetrated shortly after the observation of the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur.

Emory President James W. Wagner has already spoken forcefully against this attack as an offense against Alpha Epsilon Pi and the entire University. Members of the Emory community are deeply offended and angered by this hateful act. The Office of Spiritual and Religious Life and the Division of Campus Life have received scores of calls expressing both concern about the incident and solidarity with Alpha Epsilon Pi.

Beyond our shared anger, let us recognize that in response to this affront, there is an opportunity for us all – as a community of students and educators – to learn, teach, reach out, advocate and heal.

Crises such as this call us to focus on wounds that continue to afflict our society. They invite dialogue and action to rid our communities of bigotry. Let us embrace this opportunity for learning, understanding and outreach, as each of us has been so moved by this incident in our daily lives.

A starting point for some may be the Campus Life mission statement — in particular, key concepts like polyculturalism, cultural humility and social justice. Similarly, the mission of the Office of Spiritual and Religious Life encourages “inter-religious engagement” and “builds bridges of understanding” among various faith traditions.

Let us remember that Emory is a community of care that offers a host of resources to assist members of our University family in confronting life’s many challenges. Some of those resources are listed below, including our Bias Incident Reporting process, updated as a result of the Campus Life Compact in spring 2013.

Our doors are open. If we can help, please reach out to us.

Sincerely,

Rev. Bridgette Young Ross
Dean of the Chapel and Spiritual Life

Dr. Ajay Nair
Senior Vice President and Dean of Campus Life

Available Resources

Office of Religious and Spiritual Life

Dobbs University Center, Suite E226
404.727.6225

Counseling and Psychological Services

1462 Clifton Road, Suite 235
404.727.7450

Faculty Staff Assistance Program

1762 Clifton Road, Suite 1100
404.727.4328

Bias Incident Reporting Process

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